Although OpenStack-Ansible doesn’t fully support CentOS 7 yet, the support is almost ready. I have a four node Ocata cloud deployed on CentOS 7, but I decided to change things around a bit and use systemd-networkd instead of NetworkManager or the old rc scripts.
This post will explain how to configure the network for an OpenStack-Ansible cloud on CentOS 7 with systemd-networkd.
Each one of my OpenStack hosts has four network interfaces and each one has a specific task:
enp2s0– regular network interface, carries inter-host LAN traffic
br-mgmtbridge for LXC container communication
br-vlanbridge for VM public network connectivity
br-vxlanbridge for VM private network connectivity
First off, we need to get systemd-networkd and systemd-resolved ready to take over networking:
enp2s0 network interface carries traffic between hosts and handles regular internal LAN traffic.
[Match] Name=enp2s0 [Network] Address=192.168.250.21/24 Gateway=192.168.250.1 DNS=192.168.250.1 DNS=220.127.116.11 DNS=18.104.22.168 IPForward=yes
This one is quite simple, but the rest get a little more complicated.
The management bridge (
br-mgmt) carries traffic between LXC containers. We start by creating the bridge device itself:
[NetDev] Name=br-mgmt Kind=bridge
Now we configure the network on the bridge (I use OpenStack-Ansible’s defaults here):
[Match] Name=br-mgmt [Network] Address=172.29.236.21/22
I run the management network on VLAN 10, so I need a network device and network configuration for the VLAN as well. This step adds the
br-mgmt bridge to the VLAN 10 interface:
[NetDev] Name=vlan10 Kind=vlan [VLAN] Id=10
[Match] Name=vlan10 [Network] Bridge=br-mgmt
Finally, we add the VLAN 10 interface to
enp3s0 to tie it all together:
[Match] Name=enp3s0 [Network] VLAN=vlan10
Public instance connectivity⌗
My router offers up a few different VLANs for OpenStack instances to use for their public networks. We start by creating a
br-vlan network device and its configuration:
[NetDev] Name=br-vlan Kind=bridge
[Match] Name=br-vlan [Network] DHCP=no
We can add this bridge onto the
enp4s0 physical interface:
[Match] Name=enp4s0 [Network] Bridge=br-vlan
VXLAN private instance connectivity⌗
This step is similar to the previous one. We start by defining our
[NetDev] Name=br-vxlan Kind=bridge
[Match] Name=br-vxlan [Network] Address=172.29.240.21/22
My VXLAN traffic runs over VLAN 11, so we need to define that VLAN interface:
[NetDev] Name=vlan11 Kind=vlan [VLAN] Id=11
[Match] Name=vlan11 [Network] Bridge=br-vxlan
We can hook this VLAN interface into the
enp5s0 interface now:
[Match] Name=enp5s0 [Network] VLAN=vlan11
Checking our work⌗
The cleanest way to apply all of these configurations is to reboot. The Adjusting services step from the beginning of this post will ensure that systemd-networkd and systemd-resolved come up after a reboot.
networkctl to get a current status of your network interfaces:
# networkctl IDX LINK TYPE OPERATIONAL SETUP 1 lo loopback carrier unmanaged 2 enp2s0 ether routable configured 3 enp3s0 ether degraded configured 4 enp4s0 ether degraded configured 5 enp5s0 ether degraded configured 6 lxcbr0 ether routable unmanaged 7 br-vxlan ether routable configured 8 br-vlan ether degraded configured 9 br-mgmt ether routable configured 10 vlan11 ether degraded configured 11 vlan10 ether degraded configured
You should have
configured in the
SETUP column for all of the interfaces you created. Some interfaces will show as
degraded because they are missing an IP address (which is intentional for most of these interfaces).